Some would argue that home automation started with The Clapper. A sound activated gadget that lets you turn on/off any electrical device connected to it by simply clapping your hands. It made a great gift for Grandma, all she had to do is “Clap On!” and “Clap Off!” her nightstand light.
The Clapper was first sold to the public in 1986 and can still be bought from places like eBay.
Personally, I think home automation pre-dates The Clapper by about 15 years; to the many times my Dad told me to go outside and rotate the pole mounted TV antenna in order to get better reception on our black and white TV so that he could continue watching the CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite!
Walter Cronkite at the anchor desk of the CBS Evening News.
Source: The New York Times, July 17, 2009 by Brian Stelter and Jennifer Mascia, accessed May 18, 2015
Home automation has come a long way since The Clapper was first introduced back in 1986. Today you can find a plethora of home automation products to augment all of the creature comforts already found in most American homes. Products like the Nest, a learning thermostat that can learn your temperature comfort levels and a matching Smoke +Co Alarm that can give you an audible “head’s up -there is smoke in the room.” Which you can then acknowledge from the convenience of your smart phone, without having the actual smoke alarm go off. Other popular home automation products include smart lighting products like the Philips hue, the Belkin’s WEMO or smart bulbs from LIFX.
When it comes to security home automation, there are smart door locks and security system products like the August Smart Lock or the Kevo by Kwikset are there to help keep you and your loved ones safe with the added benefit of monitoring when your front door was opened or giving you the freedom of remotely giving someone access to go into your home.
Today’s home automation products aren’t exclusive to the inside of your home, they can also extend outdoors where you can find smart sprinkler controllers by Skydrop, outdoor landscape & deck lighting or Piper security cameras and pool and spa controllers by Pentair, which allow you to start up and warm your spa for a customize bath you can enjoy. Ah, the perfect bath just a touch away.
So whether you are a DIYer and use a product like Insteon or openHAB to brew together your own version of home automation or you’re one who prefers a professional’s touch like Control 4, today’s abundancy of home automation gadgets are ready to fulfill your every desire, from setting just the right lighting ambience for the occasion, adjust just the right room temperate for your comfort, give you positive assurance that you are safe and secure with smart locks and cameras, or turn on or off all of your favorite audio video equipment all from a touch of an icon on a touchscreen or your smart phone or tablets.
What do you think will be the next addition to the home automation trend? Perhaps a coffee table that automatically lifts to become a computer or work table, or maybe moving lamps that direct lighting where you want it. Perhaps it’s a lamp table with built in indirect LED lighting that come on when you approach or perhaps it’s a futuristic water and waste management system for your kitchen or a robotic pool cleaner similar to the iRobot Roomba? Get started on any of these ideas or create something with some of your own using Mouser’s Open Source Hardware site as your starting point and get creative!
Bob and Alice Smarts are very excited about their new home automation system. It is the very latest in the latest Information Technology consumer space, incorporating all of the Smarts' smart devices, tying everything together. They can adjust their thermostat from far away. They can view the security system's cams to check on the pets. The baby monitor comes in handy to check on Baby Smart, the newest of the Smart kids. The refrigerator keeps track of inventory and sends reminders. Their smoke detectors and home security system now work together, ready to notify at a moment's notice. All via smart phone. And on and on.
Home automation, with the monitoring and control it brings, comforts Bob and Alice Smart. They have no idea of the internet dangers lurking around their new system. Everything is bright and shiny and new. They don't follow security blogs or security email lists. If they encounter some IT-related story online, they move past it to the latest football news.
The notion of an "attack surface" available to probe and exploit by outside forces isn't even on the Smarts' radar. It’s an unknown unknown. Nevertheless, now they have a huge attack surface. Before this era of smart devices under the umbrella of home automation, their attack surface was small. In the dim past, their main security concerns, when they thought about security, hovered around spam. They are still vaguely aware one should not click willy-nilly on links in spam. Or in email that looks like official bank email. Sometimes they do click because the email looks legit, and nothing bad seems to happen.
Aside from spam, there are no other security concerns. The Smarts don't need to know. The manufacturers define a "need to know basis." Sure, there are manuals but always in small print and smacking of technobabble. The most important thing is going from opened box, tossing foam packing, to powering on in minutes.
The Smarts rely on "plug and play." Just plug it in and it magically works. Years ago, they never bothered with learning how to set the clock on their VCR. The important thing was instantly recording or playing with push of a button. In the same way, these days, Bob and Alice don't bother to change the passwords on their smart devices from the factory-set password. It's easier to remember the factory passwords of "12345" and "password." Besides, technology will protect them. For example, there is no reason to lock their smart cars. After all, if anyone steals the car, their long-standing vehicle monitoring subscription service will track the car down and render it inoperable. Besides, now they can monitor the car via their smart phone! Thieves know these things and that's why no one steals smart cars, Bob and Alice reason. One day, they will be the early adopters of a driverless car. Why, if anyone steals that car, it will just drive itself back home at the first chance it gets. Obvious.
But their home automation attack surface is huge for many reasons. For example, controlling and monitoring devices from outside the home means data travels across the internet hinterlands, outside the home network. The Smarts can check any time from the country club on Baby Smart in the crib while the babysitter texts endlessly in the living room. This gives Bob and Alice a feeling of control over their lives.
If the home automation data stays inside the Smarts' home network, security depends on the firewall and associated wired/wireless router -- taken together, these are "the gateway." Ah, the router. Yet another device with an unchanged simpleton factory password.
Like many consumers, Bob and Alice depend on "black boxes" provided by their ISP which include appliance firewalls with limited logging ability and customization, sometimes even disabled by naive users for "more speed, more access." But wireless access points can default to the weakest security or no security at all. And this is easy fodder for those virtually hammering at the house from the outside. Even if their main firewall is weak, no worries: Most desktop and laptop computers come with a minimal firewall on by default. Yet, the Smarts do not realize that their tablets and smart phones have not one firewall among them, by design.
Another reason for the home automation huge attack surface is the many smart phone apps involved. In the past, excited to download the latest app, the Smarts paid no heed to the fine print in the "privacy agreement" text momentarily glanced at, existing on some web page somewhere. Temporal agreements that allow the app maker to strip-mine contact lists and other smart phone treasures; and then to sell the information to undisclosed, unknown third parties, all unwittingly "authorized" by the end user eager to try out a new game. But now that smart phone apps control home systems and appliances and monitor from afar, is allowing open access all that wise?
Another factor that widens the attack surface, making a yet easier target, are the many products rushed out the door with sloppy security:
- Weak encryption or no encryption.
- Mindless factory passwords.
- Plain text emails with "reset" passwords visible to internet driftnets.
- Poor documentation.
- Undocumented landmine "features."
And, always bugs, especially security-related bugs.
The Smarts are very excited about their home automation system. It is an intelligent-sounding diversion when guests are over and the Smarts want to avoid pockets of silence in conversation. They are unaware of the pecking, scratching, hammering, and probing against their flimsy residential firewall. They have no idea that several of their computers and smart phones are now participants in various botnets. They are not aware when Eve drops in to eavesdrop and spy on the Smarts from far away. Or Mallet easily establishes MITM (Man In the Middle) and modifies data between devices.
The Smarts are blissfully unaware of the IoT search engines methodically crawling blocks of residential IP blocks, looking for wide-open devices to exploit, like thermostats, refrigerators, sprinkler systems, alarm systems, baby monitors, lighting, door locks, and smart cars. The Smarts have no idea, as they occasionally look up from their smart phones to glance at their smart TV, that other eyes are staring back at them. In their smart house. Surrounded by smart things.
Next time, gather 'round the digital campfire for Home Adventures Part III, where Bob and Alice begin to forge iron-tested steel against the internet legions of darkness, sturdily bulwarking the home automation ramparts.
image source: istockphoto.com
Our pursuit of modern home automation can be readily observed if one looks at the archives from the various World Fairs dating as far back as the 1930s. While tantalizing possibilities have captured our imaginations, in practice the mass adoption of home automation technologies has yet to really take-off. Costs and lack of a common, interconnected protocol are often attributed as the root cause for the failure of home automation to launch. Perhaps though, home automation just hasn’t found it’s “killer app” yet. What might be needed is one must-have product that, while it stands alone in its first iteration, will drive people to adopt then demand more devices that interact with each other. Here, we’ll look at three products that might just serve as such a catalyst. Even if they don’t unleash automation nirvana, they are each pretty cool in their own right:
GeniCan: A Smarter Trashcan
Of all the things in your home, the humble trash can probably doesn’t scream out to you as something that is in desperate need of electronic intelligence. The folks at GeniCan are hoping to prove you wrong. The GeniCan device goes inside your trashcan; as you place trash inside, you scan the UPC code using the GeniCan and it automatically builds a shopping list that you can access from your smartphone.
OpenSprinkler: Open Source Lawn Care
An open source product might be just what is needed to gather mass adoption of interconnected automation products. It is the same hope that caused Tesla to open source it’s electric vehicle patents in hopes that a rising tide will lift all ships of the automotive industry. This kind of thinking just might benefit the home automation industry as well. One of the more robust open initiatives geared at home automation is OpenSprinkler which has the backing of former Wired editor, Chris Anderson. OpenSprinkler provides both a fully assembled product and a kit that makers can use to build a custom lawn irrigation system.
Ninja Sphere: One Spheramid to Rule Them All
When I set out to write this, I made a rule to not talk about home automation hubs and to instead focus on more products that people would interact with directly. Then I found Ninja Blocks and their latest product called the Ninja Sphere which walks the line between being just a control hub and something that you would directly interact with. Think of Ninja Sphere as the ship’s computer from Star Trek. It interacts with a host of products such as Philips Hue lightbulbs, Belkin WeMo remote controlled outlets, and even Spotify -- the Internet music streaming service. It’s open source and provides the tools needed to let developers add additional functionality, even Arduino projects. Perhaps the killer feature is that Ninja Sphere can precisely locate items in the house through trilateration. So not only can you get a notification on your Pebble smartwatch when your smartphone is getting a call, it can also tell you what room your phone is in. Finding car keys that have been tagged with Bluetooth Low Energy tags is also a possibility.
Much has been written about the trials and tribulations associated with the adoption of home automation technologies. The lack of mass consumer appeal is often attributed to high costs and lack of a simple, universal protocol. For the technically savvy, the idea of giving in to “vendor lock” by adopting a single company's product line has been too much to bear. However, for more affluent consumers this idea is not a problem as most of the time they rely on 3rd party installers to install and maintain their systems. This has left the DIY crowd to resort to more “hackable,” although way more complicated solutions, such as X10 products. In the end we have grown an ecosystem unsuitable for mass adoption. The niche market of affluent consumers is just lucrative enough for companies to continue to peddle proprietary solutions. The equally niche Maker- and DIY-market has been strong enough to attract those with the skills to homebrew a custom solution. Neither are good enough for the mass market.
Things are slowly changing however, as companies from outside the home automation industry look to expand their reach into new markets. Two solutions coming to market this year have the potential to jumpstart a wider consumer interest in automating their homes. They are:
· HomeKit from Apple.
· Brillo and Weave from Google.
Apple HomeKit was announced by Apple in June 2014. Fast-forward one-year later and we are starting to see the first HomeKit-compatible devices hitting the market. iHome, Elgato, ecobee3, Insteon, and Lutron are the first out of the gate that allow you to control things ranging from thermostats to doors and windows. HomeKit is a framework introduced in iOS 8 (Apple’s operating system) that will allow iOS devices to detect, configure, and control devices in their home that “speak” the HomeKit language. Users then use Siri to provide voice activation for their home devices. They can also create “macros” that allow control over multiple devices at once using a single command. For example, asking to “prepare the bedroom” could dim your lights, turn on the ceiling fan, and set the thermostat to your sleep time preferences.
HomeKit is one of many frameworks offered by Apple. Some others include HealthKit, WatchKit, CloudKit, and PassKit. These so called “Kits” provide a highly structured mechanism to third-party developers to safely and securely interact with the core of the iOS system. However, there is a price to pay for the security and access, namely the reality of being locked into the Apple ecosystem. This might prove to be both a blessing and curse. Apple users tend to spend more money for apps and thus are more likely to buy automation hardware. However, from a market share perspective, iOS devices are dwarfed by the sheer number of Android devices out there. We might be left with a situation much like we are seeing with Apple Pay and Google Pay. While Google has had NFC payment as part of Android for many years, it did not get the same adoption that Apple Pay is enjoying. In fact, this has caused Google to re-engineer Google Pay (now called Android Pay) into a much more Apple Pay-like payment system. Perhaps smartphone-based home automation technologies will follow a similar path whereby Apple makes home automation “cool” while Google brings it to the masses.
Speaking of Google second attempts, the company just announced two new initiatives aimed squarely at automation. First is Brillo, a stripped down version of Android that is meant to run on everything. Brillo is aimed to become the operating system of the Internet of Things, of which home automation is an industry ripe for the picking. The second is Weave, a communications protocol that can run independent of Brillo, which allows all those “things” to talk with each other. These two efforts are a result of lessons learned from their Android@Home initiative, that they launched in 2011 and subsequently killed.
Google is taking a much broader view than just home automation, but the home is the most likely environment to see immediate adoption of Brillo/Weave-compatible devices. After all, it was the home that Google’s Sundar Pichai used as context to explain these two new platforms during the Google I/O Event. Notably absent from the Brillo/Weave announcement, however, was any launch partners. This stands in stark contrast to Apple’s WWDC announcement of HomeKit last year, where it was proudly declared on stage as to which companies they were working with. This is a bit disconcerting from the perspective of hoping to find a definitive way forward on popularizing demand for home automation. Google does own Nest, maker of the smart thermostat and smoke detector, but two products do not make an “integrated home.”
Perhaps the ambition of being more than just a home automation platform will cause Brillo and Weave to take longer to gestate. If Google truly envisions these two platforms as being the heart of the Internet of Things, which will include such diverse industries as transportation and industrial control, then a slower and more thoughtful development may be in order for Brillo and Weave. But will it be fast enough to prevent Apple HomeKit from becoming the automation standard? For now, there is too little to judge the technical aspects of Brillo and Weave, which are due to be released for developer preview sometime later this year.
Regardless of who comes out on top, this resurgent and external interest in home automation is good for the industry as a whole. The automotive industry is once again an exciting market because of new players such as Tesla, and the possibilities of what Apple and Google are bringing to car technology. Hopefully the same excitement can be ignited in the home automation industry.
Finally, for the hardcore open source enthusiasts out there, I would be remiss in not highlighting OpenHAB, an open source home automation framework that has been around for roughly 5 years. OpenHAB is looking to provide a platform by which companies and makers can homebrew their own home automation solutions. Given the growing interest in open architectures and solutions, OpenHAB might just be the dark horse in the race to ubiquitous home automation.
What are your thoughts, will one of the technology powerhouses finally make home automation a reality for the masses? Or will we see an open source solution become a viable alternative? Let us know in the comments.
After yet another successful home automation breach, the crew celebrates with a selfie.
It is hard to imagine the world without the internet and the webtubulars.*
For Bob and Alice Smarts (not their real names) and their kids, such a world was not only hard to imagine, it was long-forgotten by Bob and Alice, and never known a'tall by their kids. The pre-internet, pre-web world -- if such a world ever existed -- would be a vast empty space. Boring. A wasteland. Such a world was no more real than the black-and-white, scratchy WWII news reels that Uncle Fred, flying in from St. Louis, tuned-in within thirty minutes of arriving if no football games were on at the moment. There is a room with a smart TV for that.
A pre-internet world was, in large part, unimaginable by Bob and Alice since they were busy. Very busy. They were connected, which brought lots of busy business. They were connected. They had the requisite smart phones (always the latest), almost every room in the house packed a smart TV, laptops, desktops, and sprinkled among these mainstays were the smart watches, the new smart refrigerator, their two smart cars loaded with every electronic option available, the security system with sensors and cams, the lawn sprinkler system controlled via smart phone app, the smart thermostat which could be monitored and controlled from 1500 miles away while visiting Grandma and Grandpa Smarts.
And the kids' stuff. They had the stuff. The toys and games, RF-controlled planes, cars, and now drones. Even Rex, the family dog, had a smart collar that let him in and out of a WiFi-controlled pet door, controllable via smart phone app.
Alice and Bob were "early adopters." They adopted earlier by purchasing early and often. They liked technology and technology manufacturers liked them. They could not imagine life without all the social media blessings bestowed upon them through myriad devices, all connected through the fastest fat pipes to the wired-and-wireless world that their benevolent ISP allowed them for a monthly electronic automatic debit from their bank.
Yet, with all this electron-pushing goodness, the glory days were just ahead! It was only going to get better. Bob and Alice had begun their move to home automation. 
Full-metal-jacket home automation starting with the new fridge and, of course, the smart thermostat. Pretty soon, their security system would be upgraded to talk to the home automation system. The sprinkler system would be folded into home automation wonderfulness. Sensors everywhere.
More cameras. Computer vision. And the lights….every light would be replaced with smart lights, controllable from anywhere in the world.  Controllable from Aruba via smart phone app, if Bob and Alice wanted to such while on vacation. A cool feature, if they ever got around to using it.
Home automation was coming and they were ready. Even Rex was looking forward to it. Why, a smarter pet door tied into the home automation system with additional computer smarts bordering on self-aware AI, is what all the cool dogs had these days.
Interestingly, even immersed in all this technology, Bob and Alice were not really conscious of notions of security.  Not really aware of the news stories about massive breaches day in and day out, background noise on the TV news as they checked their smart phones. In their professional jobs, no one worried about phishing, mainly because few knew about it and, to be sure, nothing like it had happened at their companies. As for HTML-based email, it looked cool, much cooler than boring plain text where all links were visible. The suave corporations always sent HTML-based email since it was the very best eye-candy, especially the banks. Some coworkers had remarked that they now put tape over the camera lens on their computers at home, but this sounded ridiculous. Why would they do that? Anyone could see the lens was dark. Much hubbub about nothing.
Sure, Alice and Bob knew the internet had some danger. They weren't idiots, after all. They knew what "spam" was, for example. Who couldn't recognize spam since, say, 1998? And they knew their web browsers and apps "securely" connected to their bank, but the details and variations of that secure connection were eye-glazing technobabble, as meaningful to them as magic dust and unicorns, and therefore nothing to fret over. The notion of a botnet* was as murky as the life cycle of protozoa in a puddle somewhere.
They knew what "domain names" were, of course, but "DNS" meant nothing to them other than a repeated word that made them feel sleepy when the ISP repair guy showed up to upgrade the magical black boxes that made the internets, the webtubulars, and The Google all possible, via wire and air.
But, Bob and Alice, as forward-thinking, astute, hip, bright-eyed consumers, simply knew it wasn't important to know about any of that because they always upgraded to the latest software, kept the hardware fresh, and invested in the best stuff. Besides, surely all this security business had been carefully thought out by the industry? After all, that was the point. It wasn't their job as consumers to worry about the "danger" of the internet, that vast cloud of sparkly electrons moving, shape-shifting, and billowing across the ether. It was all supposed to "just work." And, you know, it did.
Until it didn't.
Stay tuned for Home Automation Adventures Part II as Bob and Alice begin to realize the internet and their home automation system are as one. Meanwhile, Eve, Sybil, and Chuck show up for dinner from thousands of miles away…
Later, in a fortnight, gather 'round the digital campfire for Home Adventures Part III, where Bob and Alice begin to forge iron-tested steel against the internet legions of darkness, sturdily bulwarking the home automation ramparts.
A collection of devices, including but not limited to, personal computers to smart phones, all connected across the internet, working feverishly to snag more computers, sometimes autonomously and sometimes controlled by a central command center, and to work in unison on various shenanigans, badness, and other nefarious business.
webtubulars ( wĕb ˈtu byə lər s )
1) The World Wide Web.
2) Handy companion word for "the internets" and "The Google."
3) An abstract word for visualizing the web as a labyrinth or network of tubes, where users surf the tube.
If you are considering getting into the home automation device game, now is the time—thanks to Bluetooth Mesh, a network topology used for establishing many-to-many device communications. The idea of home automation (HA) has been kicked around since at least 1950 when Ray Bradbury published “There Will Come Soft Rains,” a short story about a house that cares for itself long after the family that lives there is gone. Today, the smart home is not just a fantastical idea for the wealthy, but a reality that is expanding into the mainstream.
ABI Research says the HA market, if it follows expectations, will likely grow by 40 percent during the next five years, leading to more than 282 million smart homes worldwide by 2022. When it comes to choosing the HA devices you will make, your imagination is the only thing that can limit you. You may think there is no market for a smart toaster oven, but did you ever imagine the commonplace of an eight-year-old with his or her own iPhone? Perhaps we should be asking ourselves, what product is there that cannot benefit from being smarter?
Sure! Some products may be an indulgence—like ovens we can set to preheat without getting off the couch or blinds that adjust according to the time of day. However, a smart oven that recognizes that its family has left for vacation and turns itself off can definitely be a relief and eliminate an age-old question once and for all, and those self-adjusting blinds can become a significant energy saver.
Another vital area for HA is home healthcare monitoring, which lets seniors and others under care live independently and access less expensive treatment options. Healthcare monitoring is a far bigger market than personal emergency response systems. A sensor system throughout a home can monitor not just the movement of an individual, but measure the person’s heart rate, blood pressure, and the air quality that surrounds him or her.
Wi-Fi, Z-Wave, and Zigbee are familiar terms in the world of home automation, and Bluetooth is also a dependable player, although its limits mostly allow one-to-one device communication. Yet, things are changing with Bluetooth’s 2017 launch of Mesh, which is now allowing the protocol to become a serious HA contender and is bringing to light the disadvantages of other protocols.
Wi-Fi is an excellent protocol for transmitting large packets of data, but it has a reputation for problems with device interference, and as more devices join the home system, the potential for additional device interference increases. Wi-Fi also suffers from significant power draw, and that is a detriment for battery-operated devices that make up the majority of HA products these days. Though this is the case, Wi-Fi will continue to play an essential role in HA when it comes to in-home entertainment because of its high bandwidth, yet Bluetooth is a close competitor.
Recognizing that the number of devices that will make up a smart home will continue to grow exponentially, an efficient, non-interfering, low-powered platform is crucial. Platforms like Z-Wave and Zigbee provide a solution that uses a mesh network to relay messages by hopping from node-to-node, all while strengthening the network signals. Both protocols are industry old-timers: Zigbee boasts of its 15 years, as of last year, and Z-Wave boasts of dabbling in home automation since before the term came into existence. The downside for the user is that these systems require a hub that connects to the home network to receive messages from the devices and sensors spread throughout the home. Because many of the devices are proprietary in nature, they often cannot communicate with other devices on the network.
The Bluetooth Mesh network can handle communication between thousands of devices without sacrificing performance. This may seem like a lot of devices, but considering that ABI Research shows 650 million Bluetooth smart home devices will be shipped in 2018 and they expect that number to grow six times by 2022, it is not unreasonable to imagine hundreds of devices in an automated home.
Perhaps Bluetooth’s most significant advantage when it comes to engineering smart home devices, whether focusing on health, home maintenance, energy management, security, entertainment, or environmental control, is that nearly every person already owns a smartphone, tablet, or PC with Bluetooth technology.
The key to this new mesh network possibility is the Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) 4.x or 5.0 stack that supports both Generic Access Profile (GAP) Broadcaster and Observer roles. The Murata WSM-BL241 Bluetooth® 5.0 Low Energy Module is one such device, which also integrates a Nordic BLE integrated circuit (IC), a radio frequency (RF) front end, and a crystal all in a very compact space. The small size along with the built-in Arm Cortex M4 Core with 64KB of random access memory (RAM) and 512KB of flash, which provides a high-performance engine and rich interface, makes the module perfect for a variety of Internet of Things (IoT) applications.
System designers will also appreciate the fact that the Murata WSM-BL241 is RF certified, so they do not have to go through the time consuming and costly process of acquiring a wireless certification, reducing the time-to-market. The debugging and development process is also easier through use of the module’s accompanying software development kit (SDK).
Perhaps one of the most important considerations when discussing HA is security—for both the data and the home. We all know that every connection to the Internet is a potential backdoor for a hacker or an open window for a destructive virus. The protocol you use must provide protection for all known security attacks. You do not want your product featured on the news because it allowed a burglar to waltz into someone’s home or because chaos ensued when a virus rendered an entire system useless.
Security is the number one priority for Bluetooth Mesh networks. Product designers normally have the option of deciding which security features they will activate when designing a device that is only going to talk to one other device. However, this is not the case with Bluetooth Mesh networks, where an entire network of devices is at stake. Instead, Bluetooth has set a mandatory security requirement for mesh networks. This mandate ensures that companies are not at risk of developing separate processes for different parts of the stack. Likewise, because specifications are open, the community can test them.
It is easy to imagine streams of sunlight flowing through automatically adjusted blinds and a smell of coffee already brewing that gently nudge you awake to a new morning. There is no need to don your slippers because your heated floor is already at the perfect temperature. Just as you are about to head out for the day, you get the latest weather and traffic report, and then while you are at work, you access cameras located throughout the house to see what Fido is up to and enable audio to tell him what a good boy he is. By the time you return home, dinner is ready in the oven, and as bedtime nears, the lights begin to fade. The question is: What device will you add to the Bluetooth Mesh network and therefore to this story?
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